Transformation of Sentences: Simple to Complex to Compound

Transformation of sentences- simple complex and compound
Transformation of sentences- simple complex and compound

Changing Sentences

In today’s topic, I will discuss the Transformation of Sentences: Simple to Complex to Compound for class 9, 10, 11, 12. There are two ways of changing sentences in English grammar. One is ‘Conversion of sentences’ and another is ‘Transformation of sentences’. Below you will get the full discussion on each type. Before reading the transformation of sentences, you need to know Simple, Complex, and Compound.

Conversion of Sentences

Conversion of sentences is a part of changing sentences. While converting a sentence, the meaning of the root sentence gets changed after being converted.

As for example:

Before conversion: He is a good boy.

After conversion: He is not a good boy.

Transformation of sentences

The transformation of sentences is another part of changing sentences. While transforming a sentence, the meaning remains the same after being transformed but the sentence gets changed structurally.

As for Example:

Before Transformation: He is a good boy.

After Transformation: He is not a bad boy.

There are many parts in the Transformation of sentences. Like assertive to interrogative, assertive to imperative, assertive to exclamatory, assertive to optative, active voice to passive voice, simple to complex, complex to compound, compound to simple and vice versa.

In this article, I will discuss the rules of transforming a sentence from simple to complex to compound and vice versa.

Simple to Complex to Compound

Rule 1

SimpleComplexCompound
Verb+ingwhenand

Example:

Simple: Seeing the police, the robber ran away.

Complex: When the robber saw the police, he ran away.

Compound: The robber saw the police and he ran away.

Rule 2

SimpleComplexCompound
without+verb+ingif+negative sentenceor

Example:

Simple: Without working hard, you will not be successful.

Complex: If you don’t work hard, you will not be successful.

Compound: Work hard or you will not be successful.

Rule 3

SimpleComplexCompound
By+gerundif+…and

Example:

Simple: By reading attentively, you will cut a good figure in the exam.

Complex: If you read attentively, you will cut a good figure in the exam.

Compound: Read attentively and you will cut a good figure in the exam.

Rule 4

SimpleComplexCompound
In spite of/Despite+ noun phraseThough/Althoughbut

Example:

Simple: In spite of his illness, he went to school yesterday.

Complex: Though he was ill, he went to school yesterday.

Compound: He was ill but he went to school yesterday.

Rule 5

SimpleComplexCompound
Because of + noun phraseAs/Sinceand

Example:

Simple: Because of his poverty he can’t afford a car.

Complex: As he is poor, he can’t afford a car.

Compound: He is poor and he can’t afford a car.

Rule 6

SimpleComplexCompound
In order to / toso that+sub+can/could+….and so

Example:

Simple: Jason saves money to buy a car.

Complex: Jason saves money so that he can buy a car.

Compound: Jason saves money and so he can buy a car.

Rule 7

SimpleComplexCompound
too…toso….that+sub+can’t/couldn’tand

Example:

Simple: The bag is too heavy to be carried.

Complex: The bag is so heavy that it can’t be carried.

Compound: The bag is so heavy and it can’t be carried.

Rule 8

SimpleComplexCompound
At the time of/
At the age of
whenand

Example:

Simple: At the time reading, George came to my room.

Complex: When I was reading, George came to my room.

Compound: I was reading and George came to my room.

Rule 9

SimpleComplexCompound
During/Inwhenand

Example:

Simple: During winter, nature becomes dry.

Complex: When it is winter nature becomes dry.

Compound: It is winter and nature becomes dry.

The rules of the transformation of sentences are many. We just discussed the major rules of simple, complex and compound. However, there are many sentences that don’t follow any rules. If you want to transform them, you have to do so with the help of the meaning.

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